What Is Potency Testing?
Potency testing is isolating cannabinoids and evaluating the strength. Potency testing assists patients and providers in determining the type of cannabinoids that will be best for the patients’ health needs. This testing allows patients to make informed choices regarding the medical cannabis they consume.
Research has shown that some of the active components in cannabis effect our bodies similarly to a class of molecules called endocannabinoids. These bind to the receptors in parts of a patient’s brain and body. This receptor binding influences a patient’s immune system, mood, memory, sleep, appetite, movement, and can protect nerve cells from premature death.
While there are hundreds of cannabinoids, there are only handfuls that have a significant rate of detection.
Our goal is to focus on the cannabinoids that are most commonly detected and most analytically accurate. There are a myriad of cannabinoids that can be tested, most cannabinoids will be detected at less than <0.01%. That can be misleading and confuse patients. Listing the most common and most detectable cannabinoids based on the processing method and end use of your medicine assures that you have accurate information.
What Potency Is Right For Me?
It is important to understand the strength of any medicine that you are planning on consuming. The potency of cannabis has increased exponentially over the years.
What Cannabinoid Is Right For Me?
There is a vast amount of research that continues to be published regarding cannabinoids and their health effects. The following lists some of the researched health effects for specific cannabinoids.
- Delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC): The most common form of THC found in cannabis and the most commonly researched. This is the compound that most people are familiar with. This cannabinoid is known as a pain inhibitor. It is utilized for its antioxidant qualities as well as its psychoactive qualities, which can create a feeling of euphoria.
- Delta 9-Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid (Δ9-THCA): The main constituent in raw cannabis. This cannabinoid is known for its anti-flammatory properties; can inhibit cell growth in certain cancer cells; and suppress some muscle spasms.
- Delta-8 Tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ8-THC): Similar to Delta 9-THC, is also known for its euphoric effect and analgesic properties. Some think it has a lessor effect since it is found in smaller quantities than Delta 9 THC.
- CBC- Cannabichromene: A non-psychoactive cannabinoid is usually found in smaller levels if it is found to be present at all. It is known to have analgesic, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, and antibiotic qualities.
- CBCA- Cannabichromenic Acid: The acid form of CBC is known for its antifungal, anti- inflammatory, and antibiotic qualities.
- CBD – Cannabidiol: Is primarily a non-psychoactive compound. It is known for its antioxidant, antispasmodic, analgesic, antipsychotic, and anti-inflammatory properties. Research has shown that it may inhibit the expansion of some cancer cells.
- CBDA – Cannabidiolic Acid: The acid form of CBD is known as a pain inhibitor.
- CBG – Cannabigerol: A non-psychoactive cannabinoid and thought to be the “stem cell”. Enzymes in cannabis convert CBG to other cannabinoids. It is known for is antibiotic, analgesic, antifungal, and anti-inflammatory effects.
- CBGA- Cannabigerolic Acid: The acid form of CBG is known for its antibiotic properties.
- CBN – Cannabinol: Is the product of THC oxidation and occurs when the cannabis flower is exposed to oxygen. It can interact synergistically with THC and can accentuate the “couch lock” feeling. It is known for its sedative, antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, and anticonvulsant properties.
- CBNA – Cannabinolic Acid: The acid form of CBN is known for sedative effects. It may even help stimulate bone growth.
Our Potency Test Is Offered By GC/MS Or HPLC
The two most commonly utilized, scientifically valid, and peer reviewed instrumentation for cannabis testing are Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) and High Pressure Liquid Chromatography (HPLC).
We believe that every legitimate cannabis laboratory should have both instruments. The choice of testing equipment utilized should be based on the evaluation of the end use or processing method.
GC/MS delivers the most accurate reading for any sample that has been or will be heated during processing or consumption, such as ingestion using vaporizers or pipes.
HPLC delivers a more accurate reading for cannabis products that will never be heated during processing or consumption, such as ingestion of juices or raw elixirs.
What We Test For:
We report the following cannabinoids on the GC/MS:
Delta-9 THC, Delta-8 THC, CBC, CBD, CBG, CBN
We report the following cannabinoids on the HPLC:
Delta-9 THC, Delta-9 THCA, CBC, CBCA, CBD, CBDA, CBG, CBGA, CBN, CBNA