Terpenes

What Are Terpenes?

Terpenes are aromatic molecules found in plant resins. There are thousands of terpenes found in the plant kingdom, and more than one hundred compounds found in cannabis alone.

As a cannabis plant matures from fertility to senescence, the resins containing terpenes change in composition and viscosity. Cannabis terpenes are typically divided into two chemical classifications, monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes, the former being more volatile.

Why Are Terpenes Important?

Terpenes account for the vast array of smells and flavors in cannabis flowers and extracts, and provide the notable aromas of cannabis varieties. Some of the medical and physiological benefits found in cannabis have been attributed to terpenes.

Genetic and environmental factors, as well as drying and curing processes, determine the types and levels of terpenes present in usable cannabis.

Why Order A Terpene Profile?

Terpene analysis is a cost-effective and scientifically valid method to assist with strain identification and understanding.

Terpenes are sometimes referred to as the “fingerprints” of cannabis. Each plant strain has its own unique blend of terpene compounds. Having a laboratory-provided terpene profile allows one to better understand and classify a strain’s characteristic aromas, tastes, and physiological effects.

Terpene profiles can be used by growers, dispensaries, and patients for a variety of reasons:

  • Terpene profiling can be used to better understand the characteristic smells and flavors of cannabis,
  • Terpene makeup and proportion can be used to identify and classify different strains,
  • Terpene testing results can be used in conjunction with cannabinoid profiles for health benefit study and recommendation.

How Do Terpenes Affect Me?

Terpenes are natural compounds that can have health benefits, in addition to influencing the aroma, taste, intensity, and longevity of cannabis. Research shows that terpenes can lessen some negative effects from cannabinoids, such as anxiety. They can act synergistically to enhance the positive effects of cannabinoids, such as reducing inflammation and pain, inhibiting depression, and retarding cancer tumor growth.

What Are Anecdotal Health Effects of Terpenes?

In various studies, the following benefits have been attributed to specific terpenes. Symptomatic relief may vary between individuals, and may also vary due to the physiological interplay of terpenes and cannabinoids.

Terpene-Handout

*These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA, and are not intended to diagnose, treat, prevent, or cure any disease.

Green Leaf Lab Analyzes For The Following Terpenes:

Monoterpenoids

  • α-Pinene
  • β-Pinene
  • Myrcene
  • Limonene
  • Terpinolene
  • Linalool
  • Camphene
  • (+)-3-Carene
  • Cineole (Eucalyptol)
  • Geranlol
  • γ-terpinene

Sesquiterpenoids

  • Β-Carophyllene
  • (-) Caryophyilene Oxide
  • Nerolidol
  • (-)a Bisabolol
  • (+)Valencene